"She", there is no beautiful flying arch, there is no smart window flower bird, and there is no spacious backing day, but the simple combination of white walls, blue bricks, and two interlaced beam columns, it seems so solemn and simple.."She" is an ancient architecture situated in the historical and cultural street of Pengcheng, Ningde, Fujian Province.At the beginning of October this year, Jiacheng District successfully completed the repair of Zhongnan embroidered buildings. After about 400 years of ancient buildings, it reproduced its former ancient rhyme.In the past few years, the Sino-South embroidery building is from the southwest to the northeast of the northeast. It is built in the Ming Wanli years (1573-1619), which is a good building of the wooden structure, and there are seven, the two, the double slope top, highRice, covering an area of 332 square meters, is an extremely precious example of the Ming Dynasty.
On December 25, 1992, he was announced as the second batch of county-level cultural relics protection units by the former Ningde County People’s Government. According to the "Marscar" and Qing Qianlong version "Ningde County Zhi (Human Zhiguan)" related text records, the construction of embroidery buildings is related to a first ancestral horse of Markov.
In Ming Wanli, Ma Chengke has created the ninth generation of Markic City in Jiacheng, from this past generation.
Due to the operation of the operation, there is more than 2,000 rental income every year, and when the Ningde Mark’s family is quite rich.
The fourth wife of Ma Chengshu is a Women, and Luo Xiangxiao, and there is a hand embroidered process.
The budget will be dedicated to the second floor of Majia House. Roche passed the embroidered craft to the house girl, the maid.
From this embroidery building, it is not only a reputation in the entire county, but also a name. According to legend, the Jinlingfu Gaozi official robe is also from the embroidery building. The horse house embroidery building is named, and it has been circulated so far.
According to the 18th generation of Mark’s 18th Generation, the entire court of embroidery building is three-way three or three, there is a premium, and there is a living room, and the garden has a distinct place and the characteristics. The entire main building consists of two parts: the hall and the embroidery building. The main building is from the hall (front Ningde Mall) to the back garden (after the training school in the back area), there are about 3 acres.
The rear garden is about an acre size, back to the hard mountain, there is a bamboo, yellow bullet, grapefruit, pear tree, jasmine, etc., is the "heaven" of Ma Zhibu and the children played. After the wind and rain, the old appearance is no longer at the end of the 1990s, in the tide of the old city renovation and commercial development, the developers settled in Zhongnan Road, and the aboriginal people took out the embroidery building. In the next 20 years, the embroidery building has been in The state where people live. "Our banana city is frequent, there is no artificial maintenance, and the roof of the embroidery building is broken year by year. It gradually began to leak, and the wood structure is most fear is rain.
Slowly, the embroidery building wood components are decayed, and there are multiple collapse. Prior to this, the internal spatial layout of the embroidery building was transformed. "The Director of the Cultural Heritage Protection Center of the Jiaocheng District said. It is understood that at that time, although the overall pattern of the embroidery building was basically complete, due to the increase in the number of years of failure, the number of new houses on both sides of the north and south are crowded to the embroidery building space, and then the day Have been transformed into buildings such as kitchen, toilet, picking out to be lofts in the north side of the second floor, partial decoration, segmentation, roof part of the building, and the overall wood components, the local wood components are decayed, leaking water, breeding white fungi, Various garbage is piled up, and the preservation conditions are extremely poor.
Careful repairs, the repair of Fenghua still embroidered building is highly valued by the Jiacheng District Committee and the District Government. Under the concerns of local cultural research in Jiaocheng District, with the attention of the project, on-site investigation, investigation, program design , The end of the preparation of the construction before the expert review, July this year, the District Works and Tourism Bureau launched the repair project of the Zhongnan embroidery building, using the weeding and sterilization, revealing the renovation, positive, the wooden frame, the anti-corrosion, anti-corrosion, anti-corrosion, anti-corrosion Wall masonry, ground recovery and other measures to carry out overall protective repairs in Central South Embroidery Building.
Following the principles of "protected, the old, the old", the materials and processes become the key in the construction process.
"According to the shape characteristics of the Ming Dynasty, we will require the use of raw materials. For example, the gray plate wall should use the shell, the ground should be used for three-way soil, the void wall on both sides should be used and the surrounding ancient construction is the same material and size In order to accelerate the construction progress, we also scientifically divided the carpenter, mud hard, stonemason, etc.
"Zhong Rongfu said. Since mid-July, the construction party has removed the two-sided room in the north and sides of the front day and other post-rehabilitation parts; the ground floor of the backfill in the late stage, restore three-in-one land; masonry, brick airfield, pair of embroidery building The overall structure of the architecture is positive, replacing the partial trough, repairs and returning to Ansiang, 枋, etc .; the roof is partially unveiled and restored to the local collapse, break the hole, and remove the renovation of the renovation.
"At that time, since the columns on the two layers of the embroidery building were disadvantaged, this unique architectural structure of Ming Dynasty was very affecting the progress. The optical structure was supported, and we spent 1 week.
There is also the repair of gray plate walls and floors, and it is also very complex, in order to do ‘restore’, we spend more than half a month, in the expense of the materials and craftsmanship, and do waterproof processing on the roof to ensure roofing Do not leak water.
"The person in charge of the construction unit is encountered during the construction process, in addition, since the embroidery building is located in the urban area, the environment is complex, and the transportation of raw materials is obviously blocked.
In order to speed up the construction progress, the workers also specially use night time to prepare for stock, work overtime to grasp the stage.
Today, the repair work of Zhongnan embroidery building has been successfully completed for more than 2 months, and the original appearance is restored. The repaired embroidery building will give full play to the activation utilization of cultural relics. As a display point in the Pengcheng History and Cultural Quarter, let "quiet" "ancient buildings" for many years, rejuvenation. "The repair project of Xiuhua Building has become a template project protected by the cultural heritage of Jiacheng, in the future, the repair of the wood structure, the repair of historical buildings, the repair of the traditional villages, the protection of historical and cultural districts. A certain reference and reference value. "Zhong Rongfu said," Next, Jiacheng will increase the daily maintenance efforts of the embroidery building, delegate special cultural relics, and through the installation of video surveillance and alarm systems, and district cultural relics smart security management platform Inline docking, form 24 hours a day, safety control.
"(Zhou Siying Yangci Jun) (Editor: Wu Zhou, Zhang Zijian) Sharing let more people see.